What is swollen Gums?
Swollen gums are caused due to a bacterial infection or an inflammatory response to disease surrounding the teeth.
The persistence of inflammation and infection in gums is used to derive the severity of conditions such as periodontitis, periodontal disease and gingivitis. If left untreated, moderately swollen gums can advance up into severe types of gum diseases leading to tooth loss.
Causes of Swollen Gums
The main causes of swollen gums around a tooth are well-known to be:
- Gum Disease
Typically brighter Red, swollen gums that are extremely painful is a supreme sign of existing gum disease because of the bacterial plaque near the teeth.
Swollen, sore, inflamed gums are your body’s tactic of seeking your mindfulness to make you attentive that gingivitis has begun or is advancing into more severe kinds of periodontitis.
Other different Causes
Swollen gums can also be a side effect of:
- medicinal Prescription
- Eruption of Wisdom tooth
- Birth control pills or overnight contraceptive pills
- Pregnancy period
- Allergic reactions
- Active components in toothpaste
- bacterial viral
- Fungal infections
- Inappropriately fitted dentures
- Orthodontic procedure
Swollen or sore gums from braces are often due to the condition of how complex it is to keep the part and surrounding area perfectly clean as well as a reaction to metallic tools within your mouth.
If you have swollen gums close to an erupting teeth or a wisdom tooth, this is likely to be a natural phenomena of the eruption mechanism, however it could be a signal of a cyst building.
Signs and Symptoms
There are many other signs symptoms that are usually linked with swollen gums. They are quite often prevalent together in patients who are suffering from an underlying medical condition such as gingivitis, gum disease, periodontitis or periodontal disease. These Symptoms may include:
- Sensitive teeth and gums
- Bleeding gums
- Gum recession
- Tartar build-up
- Weaken teeth
- Bright red, dark red or Purple gums
Red, swollen gums may usually get a red spot over the gums or local redness across the gum line margin close to the teeth. Important, clear-cut redness is a normal characteristic of repressed infections that have induced a critical immune response.
Dangers and Health Risks of swollen gums
When swollen gums are left untreated, it can significantly subscribe to severe kinds of gum disease that may eventually lead to loss of your teeth.
Swollen gums are also sometimes linked with systemic health or diseases such as:
Cardiovascular Disease conditions – cardiac arrests, stroke, Heart attack, and abnormal heart beat pulsation, high blood pressure and cholesterol may all have a direct association with the inflammation correlated with the gum disease because of the body’s immune response to the existence of bacteria. Oral bacteria may displace and run across the cardiovascular system, putting you at an elevated risk for cardiovascular attacks.
Type II Diabetes – Increasing Blood sugar levels may be troublesome to control if active oral problem is persistent and vice versa.
Obesity – People who are under the trap of progressively increasing body weight, fatigue and low energy are at a higher risk to experience degradation of their gum health.
Erectile Dysfunction – Inflammation linked with the active gum disease is associated to erectile dysfunction in males. Properly treating oral symptoms can help reduce or eliminate erectile dysfunction symptoms.
Low Birth Weight Infants and Premature Labor pain– Oral disease conditions like periodontitis (swollen gums near the teeth) are serious risk elements for premature birth.
Smoking – It is very crucial to make a point that if you are a regular smoker, you can come in contact of gum disease without soreness, redness or bleeding gums.
Smokers usually have undetected gum disease with intense bone loss due to the adverse impact that the smoking has on a person’s body’s inflammatory response.
How to Prevent Swollen Gums
The most ideal way to prevent swollen gums is to have a nutritionally balanced diet and performing good oral hygiene regime each and every day without a failure.
It is best to eat foods that are rich in protein, fibers, vitamins and essential minerals. Keeping away from sugar loaded beverages and junk food would certainly make you see the difference by yourself.
Keeping the oral bacteria at bay by practicing good oral care and hygiene will prevent the body’s requirement to respond to infection, germs, thus, eradicating the symptom of swollen gums. Adding fresh fruits, green vegetables, pulses and discarding sugar intake and spicy food will minimize the bacteria in your mouth that results to swollen gums.
Make it your habit to brush twice daily gently alongside the gum lines and floss appropriately to prevent plaque formation and inflammation. Furthermore, precautionary measures such as the use of essential oils can also alleviate plaque build-up in your mouth.
You may also reach to an elevate level to form swollen gums if you have got oral appliances that you wear like dentures, braces, bridges partials, or retainers.
If the appliance is such that it comes with the provision to be removed as and when needed, then do so every day for vigorous cleaning to escape the risk of infection. You may also require additional appliances to maintain cleanliness and hygiene of permanent fixtures (like braces or bridges) on a routine basis.
Treatment for Swollen Gums
This kind of treatment is a specialist prescribed treatment that may include tins such as:-
- Your specialist may prescribe mouth rinse, fluoride toothpaste, or an antibiotic to aid in alleviating and discarding swollen gums.
- A few sessions of Dental cleanings which can aid in removal of calcified bacterial accumulations such as tartar or difficult to reach plaque, enabling the swelling to reverse itself. Along with dental cleaning sessions, you will also need to keep your gums clean at home by yourself to prevent any further oral disease development.
- If you are experiencing severe swollen gums, laser or surgical therapy may be required to put away excess tissue.
Home Remedies for the Treatment of Swollen Gums
- Conventional Brushing and Flossing – The key to proper brushing and flossing is not hurrying up, in fact giving in sufficient time to deeply remove bacteria from the teeth must be the oral goal. For an effective brushing technique, place the toothbrush at an angle toward the gums and smoothly brush side to side, concentrating on 2 teeth at a time. Take no less than 2 minutes twice on daily basis for brushing your gums and teeth. While flossing, hold the floss firmly around the tooth and glide it back and forth beneath the gums various times to get rid of subgingival plaque.
- Electric Tooth brushing – Good-quality electric brushes are more prominent at eliminating plaque bacteria than those normal toothbrushes, providing you to have a better opportunity of minimizing swollen gums.
- Antiseptic Mouth wash – Over-the-counter mouth rinses have the capacity to reduce moderate gingivitis symptoms. They may also consist of alcoholic component that can dry out or prick the mouth. A dry mouth can be considered as a favorable breeding surface for infectious bacteria. Therefore, it is advised to use 100% pure botanical mouth rinse and sincerely neglect the mouthwash or mouth rinse that contains alcohol.
- Essential Oil – Clinical research and studies have derived that implementing essential oils as a part of your routine oral care may truly be as good as flossing when it comes to alleviating swollen gums.
- Water Flossing – Using an oral irrigation instrument such as a water flosser can be more optimal and result-oriented than conventional flossing when it comes to eliminating bacterial plaque, which leads to swollen gums.
Remedies for swollen gums and other symptoms of bacterial-triggered gum disease are generally the same as most of the oral diseases are usually caused By Bacteria. So, when you wish to treat swollen gums effectively you should understand to treat gum disease as a whole.