Bone grafting is a surgical procedure used to repair bones and restore their shape, strength, and stability. It is commonly used to treat bone fractures, joint replacements, and spinal injuries. It is also known as bone augmentation or ridge augmentation.
- In some cases, bone grafting is also needed for dental implants or other orthopedic procedures.
- Bone grafting can be done by using donor tissue from another person or from an animal source, or by using synthetic materials such as ceramic or metal allografts.
- The use of bone grafts helps to promote healing and provide support in areas where there is a loss of bone tissue due to injury or disease.
- Bone grafting is a beneficial procedure for those who are considering dental implants, as it helps to ensure that the implant will remain secure and successful over time.
Bone Grafting for Dental Implants
In severe dental cases, the ridge has been reabsorbed and a bone graft is placed to increase the ridge height and/or width. In these situations, the graft is taken from another area inside your mouth or body.
This dental implant bone grafting technique is where a block of bone is cut out of one area and screwed into the area where the dental implants will be placed.
Normally, the block bone graft is placed and allowed to integrate into the jaw bone for four to six months before the dental implant is placed.
This office procedure is usually performed using general anesthesia and takes about an hour.
These procedures may be performed separately or together, depending upon the individual’s condition. There are several areas of the body that are suitable for attaining bone grafts.
In the Maxillofacial region, bone grafts can be taken from inside the mouth, in the area of the chin or third molar region, or in the upper jaw behind the last tooth.
In more extensive situations, a greater quantity of bone can be attained from the hip or the outer aspect of the tibia at the knee.
These surgeries are performed in the out-office surgical suite under IV sedation or general anesthesia. After discharge, bed rest is recommended for one day, and limited physical activity for one week.